Venus figurines carbon dating

It has been suggested that aspects of the typical depiction and perspective, such as the large and often pendulous breasts, emphasis on the upper rather than lower buttocks, and lack of feet and faces, support the theory that these are self-portraits by women without access to mirrors, looking at their own bodies.The absence of feet has led to suggestions that the figures might have been made to stand upright by inserting the legs into the ground like a peg.Vénus impudique, the figurine that gave the whole class its name, was the very first Paleolithic sculptural representation of a woman discovered in modern times.

Venus figurines carbon dating

The high amount of fat around the buttocks of some of the figurines has led to numerous interpretations.

The issue was first raised by Édouard Piette, excavator of the Brassempouy figure and of several other examples from the Pyrenees.

The heads are often of relatively small size and devoid of detail.

Some may represent pregnant women, while others show no such signs.

Most have been unearthed in Europe, but others have been found as far away as Siberia, extending their distribution across much of Eurasia, although with many gaps, such as the Mediterranean outside Italy.

but examples exist as early as the Venus of Hohle Fels, which dates back at least 35,000 years to the Aurignacian, and as late as the Venus of Monruz, from about 11,000 years ago in the Magdalenian.

It has frequently been suggested that they may have served a ritual or symbolic function.

There are widely varying and speculative interpretations of their use or meaning: they have been seen as religious figures, The expression 'Venus' was first used in the mid-nineteenth century by the Marquis de Vibraye, who discovered an important ivory figurine and named it La Vénus impudique or Venus Impudica ("immodest Venus"), contrasting it to the Venus Pudica, Hellenistic sculpture by Praxiteles showing Aphrodite covering her naked pubis with her right hand.

These figurines were carved from soft stone (such as steatite, calcite or limestone), bone or ivory, or formed of clay and fired. In total, some 144 such figurines are known; They are some of the earliest works of prehistoric art.

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