Free adult female chat roulette - Developing and validating a questionnaire to measure spirituality

The questionnaire has already been distributed to a large sample of community pharmacists. Moral distress in healthcare practice: the situation of nurses .

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Content validity, reliability, and construct validity were all tested, and the questionnaire was refined.

Main outcome measure The successful development of the valid instrument for use in the United Kingdom.

Questionnaire development The study adopted Myers and Oetzel’s three-phase exploratory sequential mixed method design [24], as described by Creswell and Plano Clark [25].

An initial (qualitative) stage was used to explore moral distress from the perspective of practicing community pharmacists and to identify the pharmacy practice situations that they associate with experiences of moral distress.

Tools could be developed to quickly assess both the frequency and intensity of distress in the population, and to determine which common scenarios precipitate it.

Since the term was first coined to describe some of the ethical challenges and moral conflicts inherent in the provision of nursing care [1], the definition of moral distress has undergone numerous refinements by subsequent authors [2–9]. Setting Community pharmacies in the United Kingdom.Method This study adopted a three-phase exploratory sequential mixed-method design.Three semi-structured focus groups were then conducted to allow pharmacists to identify and explore scenarios that cause moral distress.Each of the identified scenarios were developed into a statement, which was paired with twin seven-point Likert scales to measure the frequency and intensity of the distress, respectively.Very little research regarding this phenomenon has been undertaken in pharmacy: thus, prominent research gaps have arisen for the development of a robust tool to measure and quantify moral distress experienced in the profession.

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